THE HISTORY of MAN trucks



MAN traces its origins back to 1758, when the "St. Antony" ironworks commenced operation in Oberhausen, as the first heavy-industry enterprise in the Ruhr region. In 1808, the three ironworks "St. Antony", "Gute Hoffnung" (English: "Good Hope"), and "Neue Essen" (English: "New Forges") merged, to form the Hottengewerkschaft und Handlung Jacobi (English: "Jacobi Iron And Steel Works Union And Trading Company"), Oberhausen, which was later renamed Gutehoffnungshatte (GHH).



In 1840, the German engineer Ludwig Sander founded in Augsburg the first predecessing enterprise of MAN in Southern Germany: the "Sander'sche Maschinenfabrik." It firstly became the "C. Reichenbach'sche Maschinenfabrik", which was named after the pioneer of printing machines Carl August Reichenbach, and later on the "Maschinenfabrik Augsburg".
The branch Saddeutsche Brackenbau A.G. (MAN-Werk Gustavsburg) was founded when the company in 1859 was awarded the contract for the construction of the railway bridge over the Rhine at Mainz.

In 1898, the companies Maschinenbau-AG Nurnberg (founded 1841) and Maschinenfabrik Augsburg AG (founded 1840) merged to form Vereinigte Maschinenfabrik Augsburg und Maschinenbaugesellschaft Nurnberg A.G., Augsburg ("United Machine Works Augsburg and Nuremberg Ltd."). In 1908, the company was renamed Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Nurnberg AG, or in short, MAN.

While the focus initially remained on ore mining and iron production in the Ruhr region, mechanical engineering became the dominating branch of business in Augsburg and Nuremberg. Under the direction of Heinrich von Buz, Maschinenfabrik Augsburg grew from a medium-sized business of 400 employees into a major enterprise with a workforce of 12,000 by the year 1913.

Locomotion, propulsion, and steel building were the big topics of this phase.
The early predecessors of MAN were responsible for numerous technological innovations. The success of the early MAN entrepreneurs and engineers like Heinrich Gottfried Gerber, was based on a great openness towards new technologies. They constructed the Wuppertal monorail ("Wuppertaler Schwebebahn") and the first spectacular steel bridges like the Groshesseloher Brucke in Munich in 1857 and the Mungsten railway bridge between 1893 and 1897.

Suspension railway in Wuppertal, Germany, construction MAN-Werk Gustavsburg The invention of the rotary printing press allowed the copious printing of books and newspapers and since 1893, Rudolf Diesel puzzled for four years with future MAN engineers in a laboratory in Augsburg until his first Diesel engine was completed and fully functional.

1758
Company 'St. Antony' ironworks commences operation in Oberhausen as the first heavy-industry enterprise in the Ruhr region

1782
Company The "Gute Hoffnung" (Good Hope) ironworks starts up in Oberhausen

1787
Technology Rails supplied for the Rauendahl coal track, Germany's first horse-powered railway

1805
Company Establishment of "Sulzer-Escher Wyss" works in Zurich

1808
Company Merger of the three ironworks St. Antony, Gute Hoffnung and Neue Essen to form Huttengewerkschaft und Handlung Jacobi (Iron Mining and Trading Company), Oberhausen

1814
Technology Delivery of the first steam engine

1839
Technology Delivery of the first locomotive

1840
Company Sander'sche Maschinenfabrik established in Augsburg

1841
Company Klett & Comp. established in Nuremberg

1844
Company Sander'sche changes its name to C. Reichenbach'sche Maschinenfabrik, Augsburg

1845
Technology First high-speed book-printing press

1857
Company Legal form and company name of C. Reichenbach'sche Maschinenfabrik changed to Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Aktiengesellschaft, Augsburg

1873
Company
Klett & Comp. renamed Maschinenbau Actiengesellschaft, Nuremberg; Huttengewerkschaft und Handlung Jacobi, Haniel & Huyssen changes its name to Gutehoffnungshutte (GHH), Actienverein fur Bergbau und Huttenbetrieb (Joint-Stock Company for Mining and Ironworks), Oberhausen; formation of Mechanische Werkstatt von Johann Renk, Augsburg

1873
Technology First German rotary printing press for newspapers; first refrigerating machine "System Linde"

1893 - 1897
First diesel engine
Technology Together with Maschinenfabrik Augsburg Aktiengesellschaft, Rudolf Diesel builds the world's first diesel engine; construction of the Mungsten Railway Bridge

1898
Company Merger of the companies in Augsburg and Nuremberg to form Vereinigte Maschinenfabrik Augsburg und Maschinenbaugesellschaft Nurnberg A.-G., Augsburg

1898 - 1902
Technology Construction of the Wuppertal suspension railway

1900
Technology Production of steam turbines begins

1903
Technology Commencement of truck-building activities Bossing

1904
Technology First GHH steam turbine

1908
Company Vereinigte Maschinenfabrik Augsburg und Maschinenbaugesellschaft Nurnberg A.-G., Augsburg renamed Maschinenfabrik Augsburg-Nurnberg AG, Augsburg (MAN.)

1911
Technology First "Roland" sheetfed offset printing press

1914 - 1918
(First World War)

1916
Company Relocation of the commercial vehicle production plant from Lake Constance to Nuremberg

1920
Company MAN joins up with GHH

1921
Company Integration of the truck plant into the Nuremberg plant as the Truck Construction Department (TI) Rudolf Diesel's first engine.

During 1921, the majority of MAN was taken over by the Gutehoffnungshotte Actienverein fur Bergbau und Huttenbetrieb, Sterkrade (GHH), (founded 1873).

1924
Company Establishment of Deggendorfer Werft und Eisenbau GmbH as an affiliate of GHH

1924
The production of commercial vehicles starts at a small assembly plant in Lindau on Lake Constance.
At this time the plant was still known as the M.A.N-Saurer Truck Works – a joint venture with the Swiss company Adolph Saurer AG. Light cardan trucks were produced here, as well as heavier chain-driven vehicles. Just a year later commercial vehicle production was relocated from Lindau to Nuremberg.

1924
World debut: MAN presented the world's first diesel engine vehicle with fuel injection and an entirely new type of bus construction, built on a low-frame chassis.

1930
The first 3-axle and trolley buses were built by MAN in the 1930s.
This was the most powerful heavy-duty diesel truck in the world at the time, with 140/150 HP. Along with the development of turbo chargers for diesel engines and the all-wheel drive for commercial vehicles, MAN introduced assembly-line production manufacturing.

1939-45
The plants in Nuremberg were repeatedly targeted by air raids during the Second World War.
Nevertheless, the production of civilian commercial vehicles was maintained for as long as possible.
Alongside this, production was mainly focussed on tanks, and also buses and trucks to be used as military vehicles, e.g., the 'Einheitsdiesel' (uniform diesel) with all-wheel drive.
At the end of 1944, the halls and production machinery were almost completely destroyed.

JOURNEY THROUGH THE HISTORY OF TRUCK PRODUCTION 1951

1950
The legendary F8 short-nose trucks and buses in the MKN design with alligator engine compartment lid shape the image of the German streets during the time of the reconstruction and the start of the German 'Wirtschaftswunder' (economic miracle).

When it comes to off-road vehicles, it is mainly MAN's agricultural tractors and the Ackerdiesel that are still used to some extent today, in agriculture and the timber industry.

1955
Up until 1954 the tractors, buses and trucks were built in Nuremberg. MAN moved to its new and bigger plant in Munich-Allach due to increasing levels of production.
The first truck, a 515 L1, came off the assembly line here on 15 November 1955.

1965
The 100,000th truck comes off the assembly line after only ten years.
The main image both on and off road for this decade was the powerful Hauber and cab over engine vehicle known as the 'Pausbacke'.

1971
MAN took over the Büssing company at the beginning of the 1970s.
This is how the Braunschweig lion found its way on to MAN's product logo. MAN entered into the production and sale of lightweight truck models in cooperation with the French commercial vehicle manufacturer Saviem and later on together with Volkswagen.
The MAN 19.280 was selected as 'Truck of the Year' in 1978 – many more distinctions were to follow.

THE 1970S AND 1980S SAW MAN EXPANDING, PREDOMINANTLY INTERNATIONALLY.

The Munich-based commercial vehicle manufacturer also produced and sold trucks and buses in South Africa, the United States and Turkey. They were also able to achieve a considerable production capacity in Austria thanks to the takeover of the CAF, Gruf & Stift and Steyr brands.

With the G90, M90 and F90, MAN established a vehicle family consisting of a series of lightweight, medium-weight and heavy-duty trucks, which is still around today in a similar form.

1990
MAN presents the MAN Lion's Star FRH 442 coach. It was awarded Coach of the Year in 1994.
The bus production took place in the former Bossing plant in Salzgitter, which MAN had already taken over in 1971.

2000
MAN set new standards in the heavy-duty truck segment with the TGA at the turn of the century. In 2001, the new truck series was awarded the accolade 'Truck of the Year' and won the 'iF product design award'. The takeover of the premium bus brand NEOPLAN took place in the same year.

(2004 - p.t)
MAN > HX
The HX series is created on the basis of commercial model TG-A with military-style cabins. The range includes 6 basic chassis with an additional index BB and axle configurations 4x4, 6x6 and 8x8 (the model of 16.33OBB to 41.460BB) with a payload of 8-27 tons and in-line 6-cylinder engine with output 326-460 hp. The tractor versions BBS (6x6/8x8) are included in the range also. It has a bolster payload from 12 to 30 tons and GCVW is up to 120 tons. Maximum speed is 90 km/h. The semi-tractors are equipped with a 660 hp diesel engine V10, and the most heavy trucks are used an automatic 12-speed transmission ZF. The engine is located under the cab, and cooling system is behind the cab. All engines meet Euro 4 standards.
The cab of the trucks available in the short or long version, and in Modular Armour Cabin (MAC) version or Integrated Armour Cabin version. The range includes the following models:
HX60 - chassis 4x4 air-transportable.
HX61 - chassis 6x6 air-transportable.
HX58 - chassis 6x6.
HX77 - chassis 8x8.
HX80 - tractor 6x6.
HX81 - tractor 8x8.

2005
MAN presents the TGL and TGM the new series of trucks in the lightweight and middle-weight categories.
The introduction of the new generation of engines also took place at this time, with innovative Common-Rail-Systems and MAN HydroDrive® switchable all-wheel drives.

2007
MAN sets a new milestone in international transport solutions with the two new heavy-duty truck series;
the TGX and TGS, as successors to the TGA series. The new models were awarded 'Truck of the Year' in 2008 and were nominated for the German Design Award.
The V8 option with 680 HP was at the time the most powerful series truck in Europe.

2010

With the MAN Lion's City Hybrid, the fourth generation of the hybrid buses goes into series production.
Thanks to its innovative hybrid drive concept the model can make fuel savings of up to 25%, and was awarded the 'OkoGlobe' and 'Red Dot Design' awards in 2011.

2012

MAN introduced its new Euro 6 exhaust-gas technology at the IAA in 2012.
The revised TG series also got a facelift: the Lion moved for the first time to its position over the letters that make up the company logo, and from this point onwards was considerably more dynamic in terms of its form.

2014

MAN presents its newest flagship, the TGX D38. Its core element is the new D38 six-cylinder inline engine with a displacement of 15.2 litres and the option of either 520, 560 or 640 HP.

2016

World premieres. Alongside the new NEOPLAN Tourliner and numerous upgrades to the TG series, the Munich-based group is stepping into the world of transporters for the first time.
MAN is completing the lower end of its product range with the new MAN TGE, with a permissible gross weight between 3.0 and 5.5 tons. In doing so, MAN has become a full range supplier.
On top of this, new concepts for electromobility and digital solutions are being introduced.

2017
MAN is embarking on a digital drive and launching several major projects in 2017:
All trucks will be connected to the open, manufacturer-independent platform RIO.
It makes it possible to standardize route planning, route optimization, and maintenance management for complex vehicle fleets. Building on this platform, MAN has also been offering its customers tailored digital solutions for MAN vehicles for the first time since 2018 under the name "MAN DigitalServices".
This gives MAN customers access to their vehicle data in real time, regardless of location.
In addition, the MAN Transport Solutions division is being established to support customers entering the field of electromobility with qualified expertise and tailored solutions.

2019
A world premiere: in addition to an all-electric MAN eTGM, MAN is also showing the first MAN eTGE, a battery-electric version of the new MAN Transporter, at the IAA 2018. MAN is thus one of the first manufacturers to present fully electric solutions for the entire range of city logistics between 3.5 and 26 tons.
Since fall 2018, companies in Austria and Germany have been gathering experience with e-mobility in daily use with a small series of the MAN eTGM. MAN is also presenting the MAN CitE study at the IAA, an electrically powered city truck that is full of new ideas and creative solutions. Developed in just 18 months, the 15-ton truck is designed for inner-city distribution transport.

MAN is also launching its new generation of city buses - the Lion's City series offers future-proof solutions for all public transport challenges. With the completely newly developed diesel and gas engines, the new MAN EfficientHybrid System, and the all-electric MAN Lion's City E, the entire range of clean and efficient drive systems will be available from 2018.

2019
MAN wins the "Coach of the Year 2020" award, the most important accolade in the international bus press, for its MAN Lion's Coach. The jury of experts is enthusiastic about individual features such as the Lion's Coach's particularly efficient powertrain or its intelligent integration of the wheelchair lift above the front axle.
The new MAN Lion's Coach was first presented to the public at Busworld 2017 in Kortrijk.

MAN is also conducting the world's first practical test of platooning technology in cooperation with DB Schenker and Fresenius University of Applied Sciences. In truck platooning, two or more vehicles drive electronically coupled behind each other at short intervals.
This increases road safety and the slipstream effect enables fuel savings and reduces CO2 emissions.

2019
On February 10, 2020, the new MAN Truck Generation was presented to the public for the first time in Bilbao, Spain.
The new trucks are the result of five years of intensive development and a total of twelve million hours of passionate work by the 2,100 MAN employees directly involved in the project. What's new? Everything. The new truck generation sets standards in driver orientation, assistance systems and digital networking - and consumes up to eight percent less fuel.


2021
The MAN TGX of the new MAN Truck Generation is the International Truck of the Year 2021.
The ITOY Award is one of the most important prizes in the transport industry. It has been awarded by an international jury since 1977. From the point of view of the jurors, the MAN TGX clearly won the race, presenting itself as a true total package. It impressed with its efficiency and fuel economy, its driving comfort, and its intuitive operability of driving and multimedia functions. Series production of the all-electric Lion's City E, which MAN had already presented at the IAA in 2018, will also start in 2020. The Lion's City E has been in production at MAN's Polish plant in Starachowice since October of this year.

INFORMATION FROM

https://www.google.com/
https://www.corporate.man.eu

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